This review highlights the most important characteristics and possible applications of American Ginseng (AG). Among numerous studies AG was documented to exert beneficial activity towards nervous system. It boosts memory, increases calmness, and enhances cognitive performance. It has therapeutic potential in treatment of Alzheimer disease and anxiety. It also affects cardiovascular system—changes cardiac structure in hypertension, reduces heart rate, inhibits hypertrophy and heart failure. Furthermore, AG prevents oesophageal damage resulted from reflux oesophagitis and formation of ulcer in gastric mucosa.
Aging is a complicated process with multiple modulations occurring at many levels, from the molecular to the cells. Ginseng, an ancient Chinese herb widely used in Eastern medicine, has been studied for its anti-aging properties., and has been shown to have beneficial effects with regards to anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, cardiovascular regulation, neurological improvement, anti-tumor, skin protection and immune modulation.
The mechanism by which American ginseng may be able to moderate fatigue is evidenced by preclinical data. Several investigators have established a consistent link between CRF and inflammation and have provided data to support dysregulation of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (42–46). These data suggest that chronic fatigue in cancer is associated with an inability for the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis to regulate inflammatory processes and that concentrations of inflammatory cytokines remain elevated instead of reachieving homeostasis (42–46). Preclinical data evaluating the biologic activity of ginseng have demonstrated the ability of ginseng to downregulate inflammatory pathways (47), decrease inflammation (26–28), and modulate cortisol and the impact of chronic stress on the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (27).
American ginseng is a light tan, gnarled root that often looks like a human body with stringy shoots for arms and legs. Native Americans used the root as a stimulant and to treat headaches, fever, indigestion, and infertility. Ginseng remains one of the most popular herbs in the United States.
The immune response is the most important defense system protecting the human body from external attacks by microorganisms and toxic chemical compounds ... According to the results of many in vitro studies, ginsenosides exert anti-inflammatory activities in a variety of in vivo animal models of inflammatory diseases, and show promising protective effects in animal models of colitis, alcohol-induced hepatitis, IR injury, and impaired memory diseases.